Country and City
Georgia is a small country with an ancient history and rich cultural heritage. It is situated on crossroads of Europe and Asia where east meets west, between the Black and Caspian Sea, to the south of the Great Caucasus Range. It shares borders with the Russian Federation to the north, Turkey and Armenia in the south and Azerbaijan in the east. Georgia has a population of 4.6 million and occupies an area of 69.7 thousand sq/km, which is distinguished by diverse climates and geography.
Climatic zones range from the heat of the subtropics to the eternal snow peaks of the mountains, from a moderately humid Mediterranean-type climate to a dry continental climate. In the lowlands, the summers are hot and winters are moderate. The most comfortable times to visit Georgia are spring and autumn. However, summer is the best time to travel to the mountainous highlands since roads are often closed from early autumn until late spring.
GMT + 4:00
The official language is Georgian, which has its own alphabet. The Georgian alphabet is one of the 14 existing alphabets in the world. All signs and makers along the main road are written in both Georgian and Latin letters.
The majority of Georgians belong to the Georgian Orthodox Church: Georgia was one of the first countries to adopt Christianity, which was spread already in the 1st century AD, but became the official religion in the 4st century AD. However the country is also known for its tolerance for other religions; other faiths practiced in Georgia include Roman Catholicism, Armenian Gregorian, Protestantism, Judaism and Islam.
On the territory of Georgia payment can only be made in Georgian Lari (GEL).
1 Lari (GEL) = 100 tetri. Most payments are made in cash. Foreign currency can be changed at currency exchange points available only in large cities.
1 EURO is roughly 2.4436 GEL; 1 USD is 1.7660 Gel. (Date 05/2014).
220 volts AC, 50 Hz. European-type, two-pin plugs are used.
When calling Georgia, the country code is 995; area code for Tbilisi is 32.
Many hotels/guesthouses provide international communication facilities. However, if you would like to utilize one of the public phones located at the airport, post offices, city center or on the main streets, you should purchase telephone cards.
Mobile telephone: GSM 900 and 1800 network. Coverage extends throughout most of the country, with the notable exception of some high mountain regions.
Useful telephone numbers: Ambulance and Police 122; Information service 118 09.
Tap water is safe to drink in most areas. The spring water in the mountains is even safer. Bottled carbonated mineral water “Borjomi”, “Nabeglavi”, “Likani” or still water is a good alternative to tap water, and is widely available in cities and small towns.