oikos UNDP Young Scholars Development Academy
Focus 2012: Matching Culture and Markets for Inclusive Development
12-17 August 2012 – Strathmore Business School, Nairobi (Kenya)
The oikos UNDP Young Scholars Development Academy 2012 provided PhD students and young scholars working on poverty, sustainable development, and the informal economy from an Organisation and Management Theory perspective a platform to present and discuss their on- going research projects with fellow students and senior faculty.
Research on inclusive business models, market development and sustainability between the informal and formal economy is a promising and challenging field for young researchers and PhD students. It calls for a multitude of methods, combination of disciplines in strategy, organisation studies, sociology, anthropology and economics, and new research designs, e.g. market ethnography in organisation studies.
The 2012 academy focused, “Matching Culture and Markets for Inclusive Development”, and aimed to attract papers analysing the strategies of businesses, governments, multilateral agencies, NGOs and other interest groups shaping moral markets that build on local capabilities, include the poor and create opportunities for sustainable development. The event aimed to advance academic research at the nexus of informal and formal economies on the Base of the Pyramid (BoP), build networks across disciplinary boundaries, and to prepare the ground for research that is relevant for both academic and business audiences.
The programme encompassed graduate student presentations, guest lectures, professional development roundtables and social events. Fellow students and internationally well-reputed researchers gave feedbacks. Participants had the opportunity to apply and develop their insights and skills in practitioner sessions.
PhD students and young scholars submitted papers or elaborated research proposals on:
- Small and Medium Sized Business development and capacity building
- Multinational Company market entry and partnership strategies for low income markets
- Pro poor business policy making and public funding strategies
- Capital markets for pro poor businesses
- Multi-party sector development approaches (i.e. in energy, water, health care, finance)
- Technological adaptation strategies in pro poor contexts
Fellow of Green Templeton College and a University Lecturer, the Said Business School, University of Oxford, UK
Catherine Dolan is a Fellow of Green Templeton College and a University Lecturer at the Said Business School, University of Oxford. She is an anthropologist specializing in the cultural and political economy of development, focusing on the interface between market capitalism and development concerns of poverty, social exclusion and gender empowerment. A central theme of her research is the relationship between market and moral economies, a theme she has examined in relation to corporate social responsibility (CSR), bottom-of-the-pyramid initiatives, and cause-related marketing partnerships. She is currently examining corporate/NGO partnerships in enterprise and entrepreneurialism. Her research has been published in a range of journals including: The Journal of Business Ethics, Corporate Governance, Development and Change, Entrepreneurship, Theory and Practice, World Development, Journal of Development Studies, Environment and Planning, etc. Prior to joining Oxford, she was a Fulbright and Social Science Council Research Fellow, and held visiting fellowships at the Centre of African Studies, School of Oriental and African Studies; the Department of Anthropology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; the International Center for Research on Women; and Boston University’s Center for African Studies. At Oxford her courses include social innovation, consumer insights, CSR, and markets, consumption and culture.
Assistant Professor of Organizations and Markets
University of Chicago Booth School of Business, USA
Chris Yenkey is Assistant Professor of Organizations and Markets at the University of Chicago Booth School of Business. Prior to receiving his PhD in Economic Sociology from Cornell University in 2011, Prof. Yenkey earned a Bachelor’s in Economics from the University of Texas-Austin in 2001 and served as a macro-economic forecast modeler at the Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City from 2001-03. Chris’ research focuses on the social foundations of emerging capital markets, centered on three key questions: how are new investors recruited into a young market? How do inexperienced investors learn to trade their shares more effectively? How does the maturing of the investing population affect the performance and continued development of emerging markets? He currently studies this market construction process by modeling the development of nascent capital markets in East Africa, where he has developed new social network methodologies that show how shareholding diffuses through ethnically heterogeneous societies unfamiliar with the practice of shareholding and how populations of inexperienced investors learn to trade their shares more effectively. Prof. Yenkey’s research has received several recent awards, including three best paper and best dissertation awards from the American Sociological Association and the Academy of Management in 2011.
Associate Professor of Management & Organizations
Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University, USA
Klaus Weber is an Associate Professor of Management & Organizations at the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University. He is also affiliated with the Ford Company Center for Global Citizenship, the Initiative for Sustainability and Energy at Northwestern, and the Department of Sociology. His research uses cultural and institutional analysis to understand globalization and development, the environmental movement, and corporate social responsibility. He has studied these issues mainly in the context of healthcare organizations, and in agriculture and food production. His research has been published in journals such as Administrative Science Quarterly, American Sociological Review, Organization Science, Organization Studies, Academy of Management Journal, Strategic Management Journal and Harvard Business Review. He is a Senior Editor at Organization Science, and has edited special issues on the Cultural Construction of Organizational Life and on Social Movements, Civil Societies and Corporations. At Kellogg, he teaches MBA courses on leadership, power and influence, sustainability and social innovation, and doctoral seminars on cultural theory, text analysis and research methods.
Senior Lecturer Strathmore University and Business School, Kenya
Monica Kerretts-Makau is Senior Lecturer Strathmore University and Business School. Her core teaching units are Public Policy and Management & Organizations. Monica earned her Phd from the University of New South Wales (UNSW) in Public Policy and Regulation with a focus on institutional and governance arrangements in Africa. She has previously served as Policy advisor to the Regulator of Rwanda and Ministry of South Sudan and worked in the private sector for both KPMG and Standard chartered Bank. She currently serves as Board Director in the Kenyan Regulator – The Communications Commission of Kenya. And also sits as deputy chair in the current ICT second working committee on the realignment of ICT policies and governance arrangements to International Best Practice and Kenya’s New Constitution. Monica’s speaking and teaching engagements focus on regulation and use of ICTs for Development. Her current research in 2012 focuses on Internet Governance Arrangements in Kenya.
Abiola Olukemi Ogunyemi
Lagos Business School, Pan-African University, Nigeria
“Vicious Cycles – Challenges to Voluntary Leadership in Nigeria
Kemi Ogunyemi holds a degree in Law from the University of Ibadan, an LLM from the University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, and an MBA from the Lagos Business School, Pan-African University, Nigeria. She teaches Business Ethics, Anthropology Sustainability and at the Lagos Business School, while doing her PhD in Management at the School. Her consulting and research interests include personal ethos, life-work ethic, social responsibility, sustainability and governance.
Ganna Kisan Sansthan Training centre, Lodhipur, India
“Social Network In Informal Labour Market: A Case Study Of Migrant Construction Workers In Delhi”
Chandrakanta, born on 14 April 1983, lives in India. After graduating from the Rohilkhand University in the year 2004, she got an admission in Aligarh Muslim University, for post graduation in Geography. Chandrakanta is currently a Ph. D. student at Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. She considers herself privileged to take part in the Oikos UNDP Young Scholars Development Academy 2012. Her current research is about the social network of migrant construction workers, with the special focus on Delhi. She became passionate about mobility and migration while pursuing masters level project, in socio-economic and demographic characteristics of commuters in Aligarh city. The lessons learnt during the days of her masters’ level project and during the M. Phil dissertation (In-Migration to Large Metro Cities of India: A Study of its Trend and Pattern) and the subsequent literature review undertaken, exhorted her to dedicate her doctoral work towards understanding migration phenomena. She has successfully completed the field survey and currently working on the analysis part. The paper (Social Network in Informal Labour Market: A Case Study of Migrant Construction Workers in Delhi) that she is going to present at Oikos UNDP Young Scholars Development Academy 2012 will be an elaborate research proposal, discussing the objectives and current findings of her on-going research work. In her free time she likes Dancing, listening music and traveling. She has traveled almost all the states of India. In the year 2010 she got a chance to visit Paris for the paper presentation in a conference (International Conference on Population and Development) organized by world academy of science engineering and technology. She has taught different papers of geography at the University of Delhi, New Delhi and Rohilkhand University, Bareilly.
Elizabeth Nthambi Kalunda
University of Nairobi, Kenya
“Inclusive Financial Inclusion and Responsive Finance In Kenya”
I am a doctoral student at the University of Nairobi (U.O.N), Kenya, School of Business, Department of Finance and Accounting. My current study is on Financial Inclusion and Responsive Finance in Kenya. It aims at finding out specific characteristics of the excluded with an aim of understanding them better. It also aims at finding out the instances and numbers of financial inclusion turnover in Kenya and reasons for secondary exclusion with a view of addressing and recommending policies for corrections. My previous works have been on corporate social reporting with a focus on firms listed in the Nairobi Securities Exchange, Kenya. I have also done studies on Financial Inclusion and Credit Management practices of small scale tea farmers in Kenya. I hold an MBA (Accounting) from UON and a Bachelor in Education degree from Moi University, Kenya. I am a certified public accountant. Currently I am an assistant lecturer at Kimathi University college of Technology, Kenya, school of Business, Department of Commerce.
Université Blaise Pascal, France
“Enhanced rural-urban linkages: SMEs in small towns and rural entrepreneurship”
Ephantus is a doctoral candidate at Université Blaise Pascal, Clermont-Ferrand, France and he also doubles as university lecturer in the Department of Entrepreneurship and Procurement of Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (J.K.U.A.T.) He holds a masters degree in Entrepreneurship from J.K.U.A.T. and a Bachelors Degree in Education from Egerton University, Kenya. He also has a vast experience in social-economic consultancy work and in International collaborative research undertaking. His interest is in sustainable economic development in developing countries. His hobbies includes; travelling, dancing, reading on cosmology and mountaineering.
University of Groningen, the Netherlands
“The Role of Formal and Informal Barriers in Trade in Services in Central Asia: The Case of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan”
Mr. Farrukh Irnazarov is a PhD Candidate at University of Groningen, the Netherlands, a Researcher at the National University of Uzbekistan and a Country Director of the Central Asian Development Institute. He is in charge of several projects on economic development in Central Asia. In 2012 he was a Visiting Scholar at Johns Hopkins University, SAIS, Washington, DC, USA. In 2007-08 Mr. Irnazarov was an Associate Faculty Lecturer in International Trade and Strategic Management in the School of Business at the National College of Ireland in Dublin where he was also doing his postgraduate research. From 2000 to 2003 Mr. Irnazarov held different positions in the Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations of Uzbekistan. Mr. Irnazarov holds a BA in International Economic Relations from the National University of Uzbekistan, Tashkent (2002), a Master of Social Science in International and European Relations from Linköping University, Sweden (2005), a Master of Science in Business Administration and Economics from Stockholm University, Sweden (2006).
Lagos Business School, Pan-African University, Nigeria
“Indigenous entrepreneurship and innovation”
Henrietta Onwuegbuzie leads sessions in Entrepreneurship on the MBA and Executive programmes at the Lagos Business School (LBS). She has an MSc in Economics and Business Administration from the University of Navarre in Spain and an MBA from Lagos Business School in Nigeria. Her current PhD research at Lancaster University in the UK is on the entrepreneurial learning process of indigenous knowledge entrepreneurs. Prior to joining the LBS faculty, she managed non-profit educational projects for the development of women in different states in Nigeria and subsequently, worked in the banking sector with key responsibilities in corporate banking. Henrietta sits on the Board of a number of companies and has extensive consulting experience, spanning projects at the State level to conglomerates and SME’s in various industries. She currently mentors aspiring and established entrepreneurs and has produced several case studies in Entrepreneurship and Decision Making. Her areas of interest include strategies for entrepreneurial growth in developing countries as well as the development of low-cost high impact business models that can be applied to both small and large-scale businesses. Other areas of expertise include designing frameworks for generating systematic innovation and writing winning business plans. She is the winner of the 2010/2011 Emerald/ALCS African Management Research Fund Award, for her research proposal on “Achieving sustainable development through indigenous innovation and entrepreneurship”.
Northwestern University, Kellogg School of Management
“Trajectories of economic success and failure: Influences of footprints and infrastructure on Indian rural entrepreneurship”
Far out in the unfashionable end of the south of India, lies a small, yet bustling town of Bangalore. I was downloaded there more than three and a quarter decades ago, and much has changed since then, and surprisingly, most of this is not due to me. Most noted among these changes, is one curious obsession of us ape-descended life forms; we are so amazingly primitive that we still think digital computers are a pretty neat idea. This city has – or rather had – a problem, which was this: most of the people in it were generally alarmed at the unnatural stupidity shown by my young self. Many solutions were suggested to this problem, and most of these were concerned with restarting again, but it was finally decided upon that I should be educated, which was odd because it was usually education that turned people vapid and unhappy. After completing my engineering degree in my hometown, I worked for 7 years in the distant land ‘discovered’ by Columbus. Even then, many became increasingly of the opinion that they had all made a big mistake by educating me in the first place. And some said that even considering education itself a bad move and that they should have just restarted. So then, one Thursday, I decided to re-enter academia, just to spite them all, and restarted my education by seeking a master’s degree in studying human behavior at Rutgers University. This made me suddenly realize that it would be a rather good idea if I pushed it further by getting a doctorate, and I landed in the Kellogg School of Management. In some of the more relaxed conferences in the western world, I supplant the idea that I am primarily interested in poverty by professing an affinity to studying networks. This wholly unremarkable fact has been rendered slightly interesting due to the kind of contexts I study, and the sources from which I procure data.
PS: If it isn’t entirely obvious, I would like to officially tip my hat to Douglas Adams.
Said Business School, University of Oxford
Mary Johnstone-Louis is a doctoral candidate in Management Research at the University of Oxford, UK. She has professional experience in economic development policy in Washington, DC and in the private sector based in London. Her work in the public, private, and academic sectors has brought her across Europe as well as to Latin America, South Asia, and Africa. Prior to joining the doctoral programme, Mary completed an MPhil with distinction at St Antony’s College (Oxford) and a B.A. with honors in International Relations (University of Pennsylvania). Mary holds fellowships from the UK’s Economic and Social Research Council as well as Oxford’s Green Templeton College. Her research has appeared in several scholarly venues including Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice and Gender and Development.
Nathan Mwangi Kariuki
Mt. Kenya Senior School, Kenya
“Innovative Marketing Strategies as a Competitive Tool for SMEs: A Case Study of Small Scale Passion Fruit Farmers in Uasin Gishu County”
My name is Nathan Mwangi,i come from Eldoret Town in kenya. I’m a third born in a family of six. I’m currently a Ph.D student at Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology. While growing up i have come to realize that in order to succeed in life you must frank, reliable and have faith that you can do anything on earth given the opportunity. There is nothing impossible with God if you continually trust on him. My area of interest lies in guiding people and transforming people through education and entrepreneurship in order to succeed.
Smita K. Trivedi
The George Washington School of Business, Washington, DC, US
“Consumer Cognition In Poverty”
Smita K. Trivedi is a doctoral fellow in the strategic management and public policy at the George Washington University School of Business (GWSB). She received her undergraduate degree from Duke University with a B.A. in public policy and Spanish, and completed a Master’s in education and social policy from Harvard University in 2004. At GWSB, she has been a graduate research assistant for Dr. Timothy Fort, Dr. Jennifer Griffin, and Dr. Jorge Rivera, and received a grant from the Institute for Corporate Responsibility for her summer project on ethical business behavior through social network analysis in 2010. She received the Founders’ Award for Emerging Scholars from the Society of Business Ethics in August, 2011 and has had A.B.D. status as of October, 2011. She has held several high school teaching positions and co-founded and taught in her own non-profit project called Indian-Americans for Democratic Education Abroad in India from 2004 to 2005. Subsequently, she worked as the senior program officer for education and youth programs at Mercy Corps, a global humanitarian aid agency. In summer 2009 Smita was the urban policy graduate student intern at the White House Domestic Policy Council and in spring 2012 she was the Teaching Assistant for a special class guest-taught by Chairman of the Board Governors of the Federal Reserve System Ben Bernanke. Smita’s research interests include International Business Ethics, Business and Poverty Alleviation, Business Social Impact, and Ethical Business Behavior. She has now presented peer-reviewed papers at the Society for Business Ethics, the International Association for Business and Society and selective doctoral consortia at the Academy of International Business and the Social Issues in Management division at the Academy of Management. She has recently been one of three students selected for the Next Generation Workshop on Environmental, Social, and Governance issues one-on-one scholarly training in May 2012 at Bentley University.
Aalto University School of Economics, Finland
“Understanding constraints and enablers of search and innovation in strategic environmental innovation”
Aline Margaux Wachner
Zeppelin University, Germany
“Empowerment Through Market-Orientation – The Legitimacy and Accountability of Social Businesses In Developing and Emerging Markets”
Aline Wachner is a doctoral candidate and research fellow at Zeppelin University in Friedrichshafen (Germany). Her dissertation is embedded in the International Research Network on Social and Economic Empowerment (IRENE SEE), which was initiated by Zeppelin University and Siemens Stiftung. and is further constituted of four partner universities in Colombia, Mexico, South Africa and Ethiopia. In her research, Aline investigates market-oriented social businesses that seek a double-bottom-line, that is, social and economic value creation, in selected countries of Latin America and Africa. Her comparative study will focus on the healthcare sector for low-income populations and the legitimacy of social businesses in the national healthcare context each country. From a neo-institutional organization theory perspective, she will also explore the legitimization strategies that social businesses apply to balance institutional demands with regard to their hybrid goals. Aline Wachner studied international cultural and business studies at the University of Passau, where she focused on the intersection of business and society. While studying, she worked for a corporate responsibility consultancy in Hamburg and Munich. After her diploma at the end of 2009, she worked as associate at the Grameen Creative Lab in Wiesbaden, a think tank for social business, founded by Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Muhammad Yunus. Aline loves traveling, sunshine, dancing, good food, learning to surf and meeting people from all over the world.
ESSEC Business School / Université de Cergy-Pontoise, France
“Identification Of Constrained Households: Does Discrimination Play A Role”
My name is Samia Badji and I am a Ph.D. candidate in the Economics concentration at ESSEC Business School and the University of Cergy-Pontoise, France. I have always been interested in Development and have chosen activities that could lead to a better understanding of development issues. These include seminars on Management in Developing countries, courses in Development Economics and training from the Belgian cooperation (Infocycle). I believe that these have allowed me to have a broader understanding of the different existing approaches in Development. My Ph.D. thesis looks at the discrimination in the access to the land and labor markets, using peasant household modeling results as well as theory on child labor to identify households who are deprived from access to the land and labor markets. The econometric model is based on a switching regression model with unknown sample separation and the optimization is achieved through the EM algorithm. I believe that the identification of households who would need to access markets but cannot is a first step to take in order to implement policies aiming at poverty eradication, child labor and more generally inefficiency reduction. I am very excited about meeting all of you as I believe that the solutions to most development-related issues lie in using interdisciplinary approaches.
Salem Ben Nasser Al Ismaily
Northumbria University, UK
“Economic frredom and socio economic outcomes in the Arab World”
Salem Ben Nasser Al Ismaily is a holder of degrees in Telecommunications, Liberal Arts, Industrial Engineering, Business Administration, Management and Philosophy from universities in United Kingdom and the United States. Al Ismaily worked at the Public Establishment for Industrial Estates (PEIE) from 1984 to 1996 as the Managing Director. In 1996, he was appointed as the Deputy Chairman and Executive President of the Omani Centre for Investment Promotion and Export Development and in May, 2011 he appointed as Chairman of Public Authority for Investment Promotion and Export Development. He has also serves as a board member of many private companies in the field of financial services and energy on his personal capacity. He Published a number of articles and books in the fields of Economy and Management such as The Development of SMEs; Cross Cultural Management, Know your Leadership Styles, The Gulf Competitiveness Factors, Attracting Foreign Direct Investment, Knowing your Competitiveness Edge, A Cup of Coffee , managing Emotions , etc…
Juliet Gathoni Kimemiah
Kenyatta University, Kenya
“Education, Social Innovation and Technology Diffusion: A Gendered Perspective”
Juliet Gathoni Kimemiah is a Kenyan pursuing her PhD in Entrepreneurship at The Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture And Technology. The PhD thesis is titled Drivers Of Entrepreneurial Spurts: An Engendered Perspective. She is a lecturer at the Entrepreneurship and Procurement Department at the same University and also a gender expert and member of the Kenyan National Gender Sector Coordinating Group (NGSCG) and the Association of African Women for Research and Development (AAWORD). Her main interests are in capacity building and rights advancement for minority groups like the youth, women and other vulnerable groups. Other hobbies are socializing, reading, politics and dancing. She married with three children. She will be presenting a research paper titled Education, Social Innovation and Technology Diffusion: A Gendered Perspective at the OIKO/UNDP Young Scholar’s Academy Conference in Nairobi.
Samia Badji, Doctoral Candidate, ESSEC Business School, France
“The conference was a great experience. So many different backgrounds and points of view allow you to have a broader angle on your own research. It was truly passionnate and interesting, the faculty was very knowledgeable, always providing insightful feedback. The activities on the side of the actual research presentations and discussions were very interesting and helpful in building contacts as well as getting more insights from practitioners. I strongly recommend this academy to any Ph.D. Students doing Development.”
Chandrakanta, Doctoral Candidate, Ganna Kisan Sansthan Training centre, India
“I am very grateful to oikos for giving me a chance to participate in the discussion. It was a very good opportunity for me to interact with people who are working in the field of my research area. My area of specialization is migration and I am pursuing research on the labour market in the construction industry.
I am thankful to the faculty and all the participants who reviewed my paper and helped me to progress in my thesis.
I felt being on cloud nine and encouraged in my research when the faculty and organizer announced that I won the honary mention of the responsAbility Paper Development Grant for my research paper and presentation.
I have presented papers in various national and international conferences but I found the oikos UNDP Academy as one of the best. I congratulate oikos for this successful effort.”
Jay Uparna, Doctoral Candidate, Kellogg School of Management, USA
“I left for the oikos UNDP Academy with some reservations in my mind. This was a new conference for me, and one of the first that was not directly organized by a body of seasoned researchers, but rather, by a group of like minded young scholars. Couple this with an inordinately high level of expectation that I usually harbor for anything, it would become clear that I reached Nairobi with a bit of a worry.
Then the first day started.
I have never been in a conference or a workshop before where I had so much in common with everyone else. Elsewhere, when I had to present on the topic of developing markets or sustainable enterprise, I spend the first 30% of the talk just highlighting the importance of the subject and garnering buy-in from an often times disinterested audience. Here, we were assembled primarily because we “misfits” all focus on the various aspects of poverty in emerging economies, what a relief! This was not entirely unexpected, but the timbre of the presentations took the delight of the scholar in me sky-high. It was like a breath of fresh air to not fret and to focus on just research.
What was particularly impressive was that the organizers, moderators and the professors were all very supportive, and their comments were not just addressed at closing the gaps in the research or improving the idea a bit further. But in their comments we could find seeds of many new directions that we could take our research in, and give us a clue on how to refine our approach. One cannot sufficiently put into words the gratitude students felt for the professors who unhesitatingly gave us the benefit of their decades of expertise and helped us in every step.
Because of the oikos UNDP Academy I now have the following three advantages: a clear vision of where to take my research (including methodological sophistication); a reassurance that there are people who are looking at this same issue and that we could all collaborate extensively; and a renewed zest in addressing this complex issue of poverty using a new arsenal of diverse perspectives. I am much more richer as a scientist for having met such excellent colleagues.”
Podcasts & Articles
Collection of Podcasts and Articles about the Academic Program, the Field Trip & the Practitioner Day
Taking Academics out of Their Comfort Zone: About oikos Academies and Supporting Young Scholars – Interview with Klaus Weber
An Anthropologist’s perspective on Fair Trade, CSR to BoP Market Research – Interview with Catherine Dolan
Both Sides of the Coin: Markets and Sustainability – Interview with Christopher Yenkey
Innovating Farming through Mobile Phones – Interview with Field Trip Panelist Linda Kwamboka, co founder M-Farm
Why Nairobi is the Stage for the 4th-Annual oikos UNDP Academy
The oikos UNDP Development Academy: Making Research Relevant
@iLabAfrica: The Cutting Edge of ICT Innovation and Incubation in East Africa
iHub: Experiencing the Energy at Nairobi’s Innovative ICT Hotspot
Barefoot Power: Providing Solar Energy to Kenya’s Poor