The Fair Trade Story

30 June 2005 | Cases | Supply Chain, Trade

Case Abstract This case traces the evolution of fair trade, from ‘charity trade’, i.e. the sale of objects produced in developing countries with little functional value to the sale of functional, and often organic products to developed countries, the increasing role of alternative trade organisations in providing minimum prices, finance, training and other trade ‘premiums’ which are necessary tools for marginal producers to gain access to the global market; the role of consumer support. The 1980’s found flattened sales met with increased attention to consumer marketing, product development and product quality by ATO’s and an international standard for fair trade. In the late 1990’s fair trade ATO’s struggled with the tension between the notions of altruistic sales and... »

Phoenix Organic: Valuing Sustainability While Desiring Growth

Case Abstract This case traces the development of the organic juice company Phoenix Organic from a bathtub operation producing ginger fizz to a sustainable and successful juice company achieving market dominance in Australia. Business decisions facing these entrepreneurs include selecting strategies to penetrate cafes; whether to approach supermarkets; how to sustain suppliers of organic products; whether to use glass versus plastic for bottling; and export versus domestic expansion. The business is committed to practices of social and environmental responsibility and all decisions are made to promote the double bottom line business growth and commitment to improving society and the environment with a quality product and clean production operations.... »

Aiming Toward a Hydrogen Economy: Icelandic New Energy Ltd.

30 June 2005 | Cases | Energy, Mobility

Case Abstract In June 2004, Icelandic New Energy (INE) Limited, a research and development consortium based in Reykjavik, Iceland, is considering what future direction to take.  The two-person team made up of Jon Björn Skúlason and María Hildur Maack have met their first major goal — the installation of the world’s first commercial hydrogen filling station and the coordination of a public transport test project involving the operation of three hydrogen fuelled city buses.  The company was founded with the overall objective of, “investigating the potential for eventually replacing the use of fossil fuels in Iceland with hydrogen-based fuels and create the first hydrogen society in the world.” Working towards the goal of self-sufficiency from fossil fuels, Icelandic... »

Catamount Energy and the Glebe Mountain Windfarm: Clean Energy vs. NIMBY

30 June 2005 | Cases | Energy

Case Abstract The case presents the arguments both pro and against wind generated electricity, or turbine wind farms. The environmental and economic arguments made in favour of this alternative energy source discuss (1) wind power does not generate water or air emissions, or hazardous waste, does not impact riverways; and (2) once installation costs have been accounted for, the costs of fuel, in this case wind, is free. Critics, in turn, point to (1) the variability in wind energy, which has a 30%-40% efficiency level due to shifts in nature, (2) the high costs of turbines and installation when compared to natural gas powered plants of equivalent scale, (3) the high level of state subsidies to support this... »

Mobility Car Sharing: From Ecopreneurial Start Up to Commercial Venture

Case Abstract This case describes the development of a social entrepreneurial venture from its co-operative self-help roots in 1987 until 2002. It examines the choices confronted by the Swiss entrepreneurs who have started car-sharing. Consisting of 5 separate parts, the case highlights different managerial issues in each section. The case could be used to highlight the difficulties environmental niche players face when moving into the mass market.... »